Uluwatu Temple

Uluwatu_Temple 1

It’s located on the very steep valley on the west of Pecatu  village,in the district of Kuta,Badung Regency,about 30 km from Denpasar.

Uluwatu temple perches on the south-western tip of peninsula,where sheer cliffs drop precipitously into the clear blue sea.The temple hangs right over the edge,you enter it through an unusual  arched gateway flanked by statue of Ganesha.Inside,the walls of coral bricks are covered  with intricate carving of Bali’s mythological menageries.But the real attraction is the location for a good angel,especially at sunset,walk around the cliff to the left(south) of the temple. Watch out for the local monkeys,which for some reason like to snatch spectacles and sunglasses,as well ad handbags,hats and anything else they can get.

Uluwatu is one of  the several important temple to the spirits of the sea to be found along the southern coast of Bali.Way back to 11th century the Javanese priest Empu Kuturan first established a temple here.The temple was add by Nirartha,another Javenese priest who is known for seafront temples,like Tanah lot,Rambut Siwi and Pura Sakenan.Nirarthe retreated to Uluwatu for his final days,when he attained Moksa,or freedom from earthly desires

Pengelipuran Village

penglipuran

Penglipuran Village, a Unique and Exotic of traditional baliness culture village.

Penglipuran culture village is located in Bangli province which is 45 km from Denpasar. This village is one of the tourist spot that easy to visit, because of its location is in the main street of Kintamani – Bangli.

This village still upholds their traditional culture. Its nature culture can be notice when we enter the area. On Catus Pata area which is a border to enter this village. Over here, there is a village meeting community facilities and arrangement and an open outdoor yard as a welcoming symbol for the visitors.

This village is one of the villages in Bali which has an order arrangement system from the traditional village structure. It is a combination of open space yard outdoor which stillnatural, so it will remain us the Balinese environment in the past. The village physical structure order basely on their traditional culture that they uphold up until present time and their community culture already exist for generation

One of the best thing about this village compare with the other village in Bali is that the front houses shape are look alike from the edge of the main village until downstream of village. The houses are order properly that the main area is located in a higher place and keep on decreasing until the downstream area. Despite of their same shape of physical look they also use the same materials in making the houses. For example they use the soil to color the wall and for the roof made from “Penyengker”and bamboo for all houses in the village

Because of its location is in the high land, the atmosphere here is very fresh. In spite of its natural park, the local people are very friendly and welcome to the visitors. A lot of tourist who dropped by can enter their houses and enjoy the scenery when the local people make handy craft, so it will be a wonderful time to spend here.

This traditional culture village belongs to one of the village in Bali which held a lot of ritual activities. So there will be many activities that this village have, such as Ogalan raising ceremony and Ogalan lowering ceremony, Galungan etc. The right moment to visit this place is when the ritual activities held, so we can see directly its unique and it’s exclusive. Even though you can’t attend these ritual activities, you can enjoy the scenery of this village especially during the sun down, because at this time the local people usually go out from their houses after they had finished doing their routine activity which is from morning until the sun down. They will go out and gathered with the others, set their favorite rooster free and sometimes they do “Tajen” (a chicken match), but without putting a knife on the chicken’s leg. Meanwhile waiting for the sun down you can enjoy chicken porridge in Mr. Made retail shop which is very clean, cheap and mixed with the local people, it was an amazing experienced I will never forget for the rest of my life.

 

 

 

 

Munduk Village

Mun 3Munduk is a remote town in the north of Bali set on a ridge running down from the northwestern rim of the Bedugul caldera. The ridge tumbles steeply on either side into the valleys below, where distant paddy and spice plantations create a spectacular scene both to the north and the south.

The town itself is located approximately 800 metres above sea level, giving it slightly cooler and less humid weather than the lowlands on the coast. It’s a world away from bustling Seminyak and Kuta. Within Munduk itself there isn’t much to see or do, aside from taking in the amazing views of the surrounding landscape, but step out of town and a range of nature activities is there for the taking.

The town was historically used by the Dutch colonial administration as a mountain retreat and some of the old Dutch houses are still standing today. Most of the houses within the village are now private residences, but a couple of hotels have converted the houses into rooms for guests and their charm is a good enough reason to visit in itself.

Most guesthouses and hotels in Munduk are able to arrange trekking within the local area and the nature reserve at Lake Tamblingan is a great spot to commence treks into the surrounding forest. Just north of Munduk town are Tanah Barak and Melanting waterfalls, which are excellent local attractions.

Eating options in Munduk are mostly confined to what your guesthouse has to offer and the local warungs on the side of the street, including a small satay stand opposite the market. A great place for a pot of coffee is at Karang Sari Guesthouse, which has a lovely garden popular with butterflies and offers great views of the surrounding countryside. For a proper restaurant setting, Don Biyu is excellent, delivering very solid Western and authentic Indonesian fare at reasonable prices in a comfortable setting, again with fantastic views. They even have free WiFi that works well! Recommended.

Moving onwards from Munduk, you’ve got three main choices: Lovina on the north coast (via Seririt), Bedugul or, via a long, windy and very scenic road, Medewi on the Java-facing south coast.

Orientation
There are no ATMs in Munduk — the closest ATM is in Bedugul, around a 20-minute drive away. Many guesthouses and hotels offer free WiFi, as does Don Biyu restaurant. Do not expect a high-speed connection and you won’t be disappointed. The closest medical care is in Singaraja.

Nusa Penida

Nusa penidaNusa Penida is located on the southeastern side of Bali and is an island of rugged beauty ,spiritual myth and folk law providing and arresting sense of adventure for its visitors . Part of the charm here for trippers to the island is that it is without modern tourist facilities .This is a destination for those who like to get off the beaten track, trek and experience the hospitality of a friendly local population.
Covering an area of 200 sguare kilometers,Nusa Penida is the largest on three islands resting just a few kilometers from the Sanur beach line.Facilities here are basic but restaurants offer good local dishes and fresh seafood is for accommodation on the island.Getting about is either with the use if a hired motorbike,on foot or local bemo.There are however some visually interesting walks or ries on the dirt tracks to be made through the 500-meter rise of the island. The local here are tourist friendly and visitors will be charmed by smiles and greetings. Moving about the island visitors will come across small fishing villages populated by seaweed farmers working off pristine beaches.
Nusa Penida can be reached by boat from sanur,Benoa Harbor,Padang Bai or the easterly third of the three islands,Nusa Lembongan. There are no flights to Nusa Penida.
There are several excellent diving sites just off the island and the area has been acknowledged as a premier world diving destination.Hundreds od coral reefs and fish species inhabit the sea around Nusa Penida and recommended dives sites included Crystal Bay,Toyapakeh,and Sanur Bay named from the island side as Mallibu Point.For snorkeling enthusiasts both Toyapakeh and Crystal bay are free of strong currents.
Nusa Penida,aong with Nusa Lembongan and Nusa Ceningang are collectively designated as a bird sanctuary.Back in 2006 a group of 35 local villages under the wing of Friends of the National Park Foundation (FNPF) pledged to observe and enforce the ‘awig-awig’ regulations protecting island bird life.It was here that the endangered Bali Starling was introduces with hopes of saving the species from extinction.
There are several ancient historical sights around the island and traditional Balinese Temples indicates the spiritual folk law of Nusa penida that is unique to the island. On Bali it is believed that the people of Nusa Penida have strong spiritual powers.These is also a cave where a Buddhist temple was established in the ancient past.
Visitors to bali should not miss the opportunity to visit Nusa Penida the island of spirits good and bad.Those viewing the island from Sanur beach will feel the mysterious and beckoning pulses of Nusa Penida.

Gitgit Waterfall

gitgit_waterfall_bali

About  11 kilometers from the closest city Singaraja out at the south of Singaraja,you will find waterfall Git-git, a well-signposted  path goes 800 meters west from the mind road to the touristy waterfall.The path is lined with souvenir stalls,and persistent guides offer their service,which you have no need for at all.The 40 meters waterfall is quite pretty,and a great place for a picnic.And about 2 kilometers form Git-git waterfall further up the hill,we can see another,Git-git  Multitier Waterfall is about 600 meters off the western side of the main road ,by a small side track then a good walking path,wirh only a few cluster of souvenir stalls.The path crosses a narrow bridge  and follows the river up past several sets of waterfall,through verdant jungle and with several place to swim.The next waterfall you can see another 2 kilometers further up hill called the twin waterfall,from the main road you have to walk as well another 500 meters,it is very nice walk any kind of plantation such as coffee,cacao,clove and pineapple.

 

Lovina Beach

lovina-bali

Lovina Beach in Buleleng regency, north Bali, has become a favorite site and alternative destination for locals and foreigners alike to vacation during long weekends and over Idul Fitri.

In the last few days, people have flocked the beach, usually taking an early-morning boat trip to watch for dolphins.

More than 300 traditional vessels, locally known as jukung, make for a bright scene along the shore.

“People come here during long weekends or for holidays.

Dolphin watching is one of the attractions offered to tourists visiting Lovina Beach, some 10 kilometers west of Singaraja, the capital of Buleleng regency.

Formerly a quiet fishing village, Lovina — which the story says stands for Love Indonesia, has grown into a prolific tourist destination with lines of hotels, villas, restaurants and cafes.

The beach has black sand and the north Bali sea is rich in marine resources and diverse underwater life.

Lovina is well-known among tourists from European countries, such as the Netherlands, France and Germany.

During the Dutch colonial period, Singaraja was the capital of Bali and Nusa Tenggara region and was a famed coastal town with a robust sea harbor.

The dolphin watch usually takes place early in the morning. But during the holidays, my guests are still asking to watch the dolphins in the afternoon.

A small boat can take four to five people each trip.

Usually, a boat will take only five people on a dolphin tour, from 6 a.m. to 9 a.m. After that, the guests can continue their trip snorkeling or diving.

“However, visiting Lovina Beach is more than just watching dolphins.

“There are so many attractions adjacent to Lovina Beach, such as the Banjar hot springs, the Buddhist monastery also in Banjar village, a local vineyard and many historical temples.

Ulun Danu Temple

bedugul

Ulun danu temple is one of the tour visit when a sight seeing tour is organized to visit Bedugul Mountain resort or Singaraja tour.The location is one the west bank of the lake Beratan.The name Ulun Danu,literally means “ the beginning of the lake” But this might not to claim that the side is the beginning of a lake.It tend to indicate that everything that exist around the lake  will the orientation to the temple site,and cleanliness  around the area must be continuously kept.

The whole complex is consist of 4 units each dedicated to spirit of Lingga Petak,and temporay abode gods.It looks that the templesymbolize the nature of surrounding as the respects of nature greatness,since the location is surrounded by peaks of Bali mountain chain such as the east is Mt. Mangu,to the south is Mt. Teratai Bang,and to the wats is Mt.Pohan

Current pavilions,shires and basement as the site looks to have been newly renovated and no historical facts can be used to trace the history of the temple.The only source to disclose the history of the temple is a chronicle of Mengwi kingdom,a manuscript  now available the transliteration from Balinese characters to Latin at Bali Museum ,in Denpasar.It is written that I Gusti Agung Putu as defeated during the battle and became war detainment  of Tabanan kingdom.The vassal of Marga implored the king to bring I Gusti Agung Putu to Marga ,and from here he set the strategy to gain back his lost land.He want up to Mt.Mangu  peak to meditate and request the inspiration.Returning from that he baack to Marga and built his palace at Balahayu ( Now : Blayu Village)

 

Taman Ayun Temple

mengwi-pagodasTaman Ayun Pura is a beautifully apointed temple, with its own surrounding moat, in the village at Mengwi, Badung Regency, 18 Km. West of Denpasar. The history of this temple is closely associated with the begining of the Rajadom of Mengwi, in 1627 B.C. it was built in 163-1AD. at the time at the rule of the first Raja of Mengwi. I Gusti Agung Ngurah Made Agung, who later become known as Ida Cokorda Sakti Belambangan. As the Royal Family temple of the Raja of Mengwi. This temple is a place to worship the Royal ancestors, who find their rest in a special shrine known as the “Gedong Paibon”.

Following the Pattern of most Balinese temples, Pura Taman Ayun has three connecting temple yards. The innermost sanctum is knows- as “Utama Mandala” (the highest circle), the middle yard as. “Madia Mandala” (the circle in between) and the outer as “Nista Mandala” (the humblest circle). The enter the main sanctum one must pass through a raised Gate- way, known as the Kori Agung (Paduraksa), and the gate- way between the outer and middle connect in a split gate, known as “Candi Bentar”.
Apart from the “Gedong Paibon”, dedicated to one ancestor, the middle courtyard are other shrines dedicated to the various main temples of Bali. These shrines were built by the 5 Raja to ensure that his Kingdom and people would be able to share in the prosperity and fertility of the nation, and also to enable all the people at Mengwi; to conduct the religious ceremonies at the temple, such as “meajar-ajar”, memendak sang Pitara” and to request holy water to protect the rice fields from pestilence, etc.

There is also another shrine on the middle courtyard dedicated to the “Pasek Badak” famous here of by gone days from the Raja’s troops. The extensive temple grounds of Taman Ayun also function as a resting place for the Royal family. Covering 4 Hectares of land. The temple is surrounded by a large most, which used to be full of loins and lily flowers of all color, and around the edges of the moat can be found frangipani, cempaka, kenanga & other pcrftiined flowering trees, as well as mango stein, durian, manggo rambutan fruit trees.
The temple has always been strongly influenced by the ups and downs at the Raja dom of Mengwi. ln l890 here was a war between the Rajas of Badung and Mengwi, and the I0 th. Raja Mengwi “I Gusti Made Agung” lost the battle, and had to retreat to escape with life in to the bordering eastern district. During the rule of the victorious Raja of Badung the temple was never looked after properly, and the temple buildings deteriorated due to lack of care.

ln the year 1911 AD, part of the Royal Family returned to their family seat at Mengwi, and Pura Taman Ayun was restored. However on 20 th, January 1917 a violent earth-quake damaged many of the existing buildings. Repairs have been done in stages to return the temple to its original condition.

The odalan at Pura Taman Ayun falls every 2l0 days on a day known as “Selasa Kliwon Wuku Mendangsia”. Many tourists used to visit the temple, even, before the Second world War. The family of Puri Gede Mengwi still maintain the temple. Assisted by a committee made up of the lokal traditional leaders, such as the village officials from the Mengwi District.

Tanah Lot

tanahlot temple

Tanah Lot Temple (Purah Tanah Lot)…

…Bali’s only off-shore temple, is located 13 kilometres south-west of Tabanan, in Beraban village, about a 1 ½ hour tour from Kuta.

Tanah Lot Temple (Pura Pakendungan is the ancient name for Tanah Lot) dates back to the 15th century and sits graceful on its little rock, waiting for low tide so it can welcome Balinese worshipers.

Legend says, Tanah Lot Temple was built by Sanghyang Nirantha one of the last Brahman priests who arrived from Java and got plenty of followers very quickly. Bendesa Beraben, the local ruler, who was afraid of losing control, ordered Nirantha to leave. The Newcomer then used his magical powers to split the rock that Tanah Lot is situated on, from the mainland. Nirantha also transformed his scarf into a holy snake, which nowadays still protects Tanah Lot. Eventually, and many years later, the old leader Beraben followed the newcomer Nirantha.

Pura Tanah Lot, is a very popular attraction in Bali. As Uluwatu Temple, Tanah Lot Temple also offers an unbelievable sunset and a lovely area to stroll around. During low tide, the rocky coast is the perfect place for kids to catch crabs and romp around. Ceremonies at Tanah Lot are spectacular and make the most fabulous postcard pictures. Check out the events calendar of Tanah Lot Temple, to make sure, you can take an outstanding picture of a magical moment in Bali.

Many shops and some Warungs can be found around Tanah Lot. The prices are reasonable and the sellers are not overly pushy. Some showmen offer you the opportunity to take pictures with monkeys or snakes for a small donation.

Purah Tanah Lot guarantees you and your family a nice afternoon, and in the event of good weather, a gorgeous sunset as well.

Tip 1: Pura Tanah Lot is a very nice area for kids during low tide but please take care of your children as the rocks can be slippery
Tip 2: Check out the events calendar and ask your hotel staff for the ceremony time to take the perfect postcard picture
Additional information 1: Tanah Lot is derived from the words tanah (land) and laut (ocean) which finally means offshore.

Jati Luwih

padi 1Jatiluwih village in Penebel District, north of Tabanan, has paddy fields following the contours of terraced land against the background of spellbinding Mount Batukaru and Mount Agung use traditional Balinese irrigation known as subak, Bali’s community-based water control management system. Lies at an altitude of 700 meters, the cool atmosphere of more original beautiful Jatiluwih is better than the most well known Tegallalang which has plenty of cafes and souvenir shops. Two routes to Jatiluwih are Denpasar>Kediri>Tabanan>Penebel>Jatiluwih or Denpasar>Mengwi>Baturiti>Jatiluwih. Jatiluwih has gain acknowledgement from UNESCO as part of the world’s cultural heritage.

Tourism development control
To preserve the largest area of 53,000 hectares agriculture fields on the island, Tabanan Regency Administration would not allow the development of star-rated and city hotels anymore, unless tourism facilities with a commitment to environmental conservation would be allowed with 30 percent of buildings and 70 percent had to be left naturally as paddy field or plantation. The administration has also decided 300-hectare protected paddy field zone with a 100-hectare housing zone lies outside the protected zone.

Tirta Empul Temple

tirta-empul-temple

Tirta Empul Temple dates back to 926 AD (Warmadewa dynasty from the 10th to the 14th century). Legend says that Tirta Empul Temple was built by the god Indra after his forces were poisoned by Mayadenawa, the first (Demon-) King of Bali. Indra pierced the earth to revive his forces with the help of the fountain of immortality.

Pura Tirta Empul, which was fully restored in 1969, is nestled in a lush green environment making this Temple simply magical. To reach Tirta Empul Temple’s main attraction you first have to stroll through the well maintained gardens. Furthermore one of Pura Tirta Empul’s main attractions, outside of the temple complex, is a carved pool, full of Koi fish.

Pura Tirta Empul, is surrounded by a big wall to keep evil spirits at bay, its location is close to the Government Palace, enthroned on a hill in 1954.

The crystal clear and fresh water inside the temple is supplied by 12 sacred spring fountains. The spring which supplies these fountains is also the source of Sungai Pakerisan (Pakerisan River).

The bathing area is divided into 3 stone carved sections to separate women from men and to also give the most pure the chance to be separated as well.

Holy water still plays a very important role in the Balinese religion. For this reason the holy water of Tirta Empul Temple, is considered to be one of Bali’s holiest and is even taken home by the locals. The Balinese still believe that the holy water of Tirta Empul Temple has not only magical but also healing powers. They also believe that water from Pura Tirta Empul ensures eternal youth.

Throughout the year, pilgrims from all over Bali meet at Tirta Empul Temple for their ablution. Before worshippers start to bath and pray, they make an offering at the temple.

Tirta Empul Temple is well worth a visit and gives you an idea of how religious the Balinese really are. It is sad but true that you can’t get this impression in the south of Bali anymore and especially not in Kuta.

Tip1: Buy some food and feed the Koi
Additional Information 1: Tirta is derived from the Sanskrit word “amrita” which means nectar or life elixir.

Kintamani

kintamaniKintamani is one of the prime tourism destinations in Bali . Kintamani is located about one and half hours drive from the Ngurah Rai International Airport . With its Batur Mount, Abang Mount, Lake Batur, Penelokan Sightseeing, Jati Temple, and Batur Temple, this mountain area is really beautiful, exotic, romantic, tranquility and … religious ! As a part of Bangli Regency, Kintamani has two main tourism area. They are Penelokan sightseeing and Toyabungkah. Some water sports activities could be done in Kintamani area such as Climbing and trekking may be other alternatives of yours.

Ubud

ubud-baliUbud ,Did you know that the town was originally an important source of medicinal herbs and plants? Ubud gets its name from “ubad,” the Balinese word for medicine.
Why the town became the cultural and art center was because of these points in history: Ubud in the late 19th century was the seat of feudal lords loyal to the king of Gianyar, the most powerful of Bali’s southern states then. These lords, members of the Balinese Kshatriya caste of Sukawati, were significant supporters of the village’s increasingly renowned arts scene; Art teacher Walter Spies not only taught but also brought other artists from all over to teach and train the Balinese in arts; the 1960s got a burst of creative energy after the arrival of Dutch painter Arie Smit and Young Artists Movement was developed.

Menjangan Island

M1Menjangan Island is a small island, located 5 miles to the north-west of Bali island and is part of the Indonesian archipelago. “Menjangan” in Indonesian means “Deer”. The name was given by the local population observing wild deer herds swimming to the island every spring and covering a distance of approx 1.2 miles.

The island is considered to be an important part of the local tourism industry, because its marine fauna incorporates one of the best-preserved coral reefs in the area. All scuba-diving shops arrange daily trips to the island.

Batubulan

batubulanBatubulan is a must see when arriving to Bali . Batubulan is a town where you will find stone carvings everywhere. Some of the carvings are made out of cement, while others are made from river rocks, but all are impressive to view. While viewing these stone carvings take your time and enjoy the natural and man made beauty of Bali . Taking a stroll along the streets is not only a fun and healthy way to spend your day, but it will also allow you to get to know the true Bali , and its people. People from all over the world come to Batubulan to explore the architectural beauty that is placed around the town for many to see and admire.

In Balinese mythology, the good spirit is identified as Banas Pati Raja. Banas Pati Raja is the fourth “brother” or spirit child that accompanies a child throughout their life, which is a similar concept to guardian angels. Banas Pati Raja is the spirit which animates Barong. A protector spirit, he is often represented as a lion. The Barong is often portrayed accompanied by two monkeys. Barong is portrayed as a lion with red head, covered in white thick fur, and wearing gilded jewelry adorned with pieces of mirrors. The shape of lion Barong is somewhat similar to a Pekingese dog. The origins of the Barong are far a back in time and quite uncertain. Its origins could be from animist’cults, before Hinduism appeared, when villagers still believed in the supernatural protective power of animals.

On the other hand, Rangda is Barong’s opposite. While Barong represents good, Rangda represents evil. Rangda is known as a demon queen, the incarnation of Calon Arang, the legendary witch that wreaked havoc in ancient Java during the reign of Airlangga in the 10th century. It is said that Calon Arang was a widow, powerful in black magic, who often damaged farmer’s crops and caused disease to come. She had a girl, named Ratna Manggali, who, though beautiful, could not get a husband because people were afraid of her mother. Because of the difficulties faced by her daughter, Calon Arang was angry and she intended to take revenge by kidnapping a young girl. She brought the girl to a temple to be sacrificed to the goddess Durga. The next day, a great flood engulfed the village and many people died. Disease also appeared.

King Airlangga, who had heard of this matter, then asked for his advisor, Empu Bharada, to deal with this problem. Empu Bharada then sent his disciple, Empu Bahula, to be married to Ratna. Both were married with a huge feast that lasted seven days and seven nights, and the situation returned to normal. Calon Arang had a book that contained magic incantations. One day, this book was found by Empu Bahula, who turned it over to Empu Bharada. As soon as Calon Arang knew that the book had been stolen, she became angry and decided to fight Empu Bharada. Without the help of Durga, Calon Arang was defeated. Since she was defeated, the village was safe from the threat of Calon Arang’s black magic.

Sanur

sanur 1Sanur originates from two words, “Saha” and “Nuhur” which literally means the passion to visit the certain place. Located in the sourthern part of Bali, Sanur is famed for its beautiful strip of pure sandy beaches acrros the coastal line. It is also famed its’ spectacular sunrises wich literally marks a new day in the life of the Balinese. A talented laid back atmosphere is what is unique about the village of Sanur where hospitality is intewined with the traditions of Balinese culture and religion. The atmosphere from sunrise till sunset provides endless opportunities of discovery into the daily lives of the Balinese, where each corner of the village provides a certain exploration for every visitor.

Lines of shaded trees along the roads, a stretch of beach for sunbathing, a strip of shops for shopping and a veriety of restaurants for wining and dining, the option is endless in Sanur. Sanur also represents a name that carries important history for torism in Indonesia, and Bali more specific. It was on the beach of Sanur that the first Netherlands troops set foot on the island of Bali in 1906. This was also the exact place that the first war accurred between Netherlands against the community of Bali in defending their land from colonialism. This war was later known as the Puputan Badung, a heroic event tha is strongly remembered by every individual Balinese until today’s generation.

Denpasar

denpasarDenpasar is the capital-city of Bali Province , Denpasar has got some fascination for tourism such as : remain of ancient building with Balinese architecture. It offers a city-tour where tourism can experience and learn about various cultural attraction of Denpasar. The tour start from Bali Museum , Art center, Traditional Badung Market, and finally Department Store. Bali Museum is The Bali museum in Denpasar was built in 1931 and it is unique collection of buildings and art. Designed by architect P.J. Moojen, the exterior walls, courtyards and gates, are designed in the style of a Denpasar royal palace.

Tenganan Village

tengananTenganan Pegringsingan is a village in the regency of Karangasem in Bali, Indonesia. Before the 1970s was known by anthropologists to be one of the most secluded societies of the archipelago. Rapid changes have occurred in the village since the 70′s, such as the development of local communications by the central government, the opening up to tourism, the breaking of the endogamic rules. [1] Tourists are attracted to Tenganan by its unique Bali Aga culture that still holds to the original traditions, ceremonies and rules of ancient Balinese, and its unique village layout and architecture. It is known for its Gamelan selunding music and geringsing double ikat textiles.

Village layout
Houses in Tenganan Pegringsingan village are built on either side of the north to the south concourse with their doors opening on to it. The entrances of the houses are narrow, only allowing one person to enter or leave at any one time. One enters the village through the gate on the southern end. On either side of the entrance are two small temples. Across from these is the long balé agung, where the administrative decisions for the village are made. Next to that is the drum tower (kul-kul). The kul-kul is beaten 21 times each morning to start the day.Up the center are a series of communal pavilions (balé banjar) for formal and informal meetings, ceremonial gatherings.[3] At the northern end is the village temple Pura Puseh, the temple of origin.

The People of Tenganan Pegringsingan
The people of Tenganan Pegringsingan are called Bali Aga—the original Balinese. They descend from the pre-Majapahit kingdom of Pegeng. There are strict rules as to who is allowed to live in the village. Only those born in the village can stay in the village and become full members of the community. There are rules regarding marriage and anyone who marries outside of the village has to leave. A strict protocol regarding marriages among the kin groups have steered the Tengananese through the genetic perils of intermarriage although with increasing contact with the outside world these rules have relaxed somewhat.

Rites and Rituals
Many of the life-cycle rituals of the Tengananes are similar to those of the Balinese in general, but have subtle differences. Some ceremonies are unique. One of the distinguishing features is the use of geringsing. By virtue of their magical qualities geringsing are not only capable of keeping impurities and danger out of the village, but also shield and protect humans from baleful influences during rites of passage as they transition from one phase of life to the next. The Tengananese receive their first geringsing at the hair cutting ritual. His hair is cut and placed in a basket which is placed on a folded geringsing on the balé tengah, on which the Tegananese both enters and leaves the world. In the ceremony that admits a boy or girl to the youth association of the village, they are carried in a geringsing cloth on their father’s right shoulder. In the concluding ceremony of teruna nyoma which is the initiation, the candidates wear a geringsing and bear a keris. for the tooth filing ceremony, an essential rite of passage for all Balinese Hindu, the participants pillow is covered by geringsing. After death the grnitals of the deceased are covered by a geringsing hip sash. These cloths may not be used again and so usually ae sold . In the purification of the soul ceremony (muhun) the dead person’s presence, which is symbolizes by an inscribed palm leaf, is also arrayed in a geringsing. In the wedding ceremony the groom invites his in-laws to visit his parents home where the couple, dressed in festal geringsing clothing while relatives bring symbolic gifts which are placed on a geringsing cloth